Anterior staphyloma is a condition in which the front part of the eye (anterior) bulges outward, forming a protrusion. This can occur when the sclera, the white outer layer of the eye, becomes thin and weakened, causing the eye to bulge. Anterior staphyloma can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, high intraocular pressure (pressure inside the eye), and certain diseases such as collagen vascular disease or uveitis. It can also be a complication of previous eye surgery.
Symptoms of anterior staphyloma may include distorted vision, discomfort or pain in the eye, and sensitivity to light. Treatment may involve medications to lower intraocular pressure or surgery to repair the sclera and restore the shape of the eye. In severe cases, a corneal transplant may be necessary. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of anterior staphyloma, as untreated or inadequately treated cases can lead to vision loss.
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